History of Tychy
was established as a small agricultural settlement in the vicinity of the medieval trade route connecting Oświęcim and Mikołów. The first mention of the city is found in the historical documents which date back to 1467. In 17th century it was one of the most prosperous villages in the Pszczyna county (Polish: “powiat”). Since 1629, the Książęcy Brewery was operating in Tychy, crops of hops and barley were grown, craftsmanship and industry developed in the village. An independent forestry office operated in the palace erected in the mid 17th century by the Promnitz family. Until mid 19th century Tychy was owned by consecutive feudal masters, who stood at the head of the so-called Pszczyna class state. In 1870 the first railroad was built, connecting Tychy with Katowice and Szopienice.
It was in Tychy, on the night of 16-17th August 1919, that the first Silesian Uprising broke out and ended in capturing the village by the insurgents. During the Plebiscite the majority of residents voted for Tychy being part of Polish territory. It was then that Tychy started developing and transforming into an urban settlement. Between World War I and World War II, the population of Tychy, which at that time was part of the autonomous Silesian Province, grew to reach 11 thousand people. During that time several facilities were established, including a hospital, a fire station, a post office, a school, a swimming pool, a bowling hall and a number of shops and restaurants. On 1st January 1934 Tychy received the rights of municipality (Polish: “gmina miejska”).
The war activities of 1939 did not cause serious damage since the main fighting took place in the Mikołów-Wyry sector. As a result of warfare and extermination, 500 thousand Tychy residents were killed.
The beginning of the post-war history of the city goes back to 4th October 1950, when the Government Executives made a decision to build the so-called New Tychy (Polish: “New Tychy”). A year later the city was granted the city rights. The first housing estate was designed by Tadeusz Teodorowicz-Todorowski, and the subsequent ones - by Kazimierz Wejchert and Hanna Adamczewska Wejchert. The growth of Tychy was part of the government plan to provide housing facilities for the Upper Silesian Industrial District. Tychy was to become the first and the largest city in the satellite system of the Upper Silesian industrial conurbation. The city developed rapidly, encouraging a number of important investment projects, including industrial ones, thus changing its status from a housing area to an independent urban centre.